December 2010John Tiratsoo, Pipelines International Editor-in-Chief
Many were injured to various degrees and eight people died in the gas pipeline explosion at around 6:11 pm on 9 September in San Bruno, California. The Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) Line 132 Pipeline ruptured at a road intersection in the small town in the southern suburbs of San Francisco, releasing approximately 1.7 MMcm of gas, destroying 37 houses and damaging 18 more.
Enbridge will construct two new crude oil pipelines in Alberta, Canada, totalling 206 km, and has also launched an open season through its subsidiaries for the Bakken Expansion Programme, which will include the construction of approximately 266 km of crude oil pipeline in Canada and the USA.
Leighton Offshore has signed an engineering, procurement and construction contract with Iraq’s South Oil Company to install 120 km of onshore and offshore pipelines and three single point moorings in the Persian Gulf, offshore Iraq.
Nestoil has completed commissioning activities on Spread A of the 97 km Nembe Creek Oil Pipeline, which transports crude oil from the Bonny Export Terminal to Nigeria’s Atlantic coast as part of a programme to replace ageing pipelines in the Niger River delta.
A new company has been incorporated in Colombia to construct and operate a new oil pipeline, which will run from the Casanare Department to the port of Coveñas in order to facilitate oil exports from the Llanos region, considered one of the most prospective regions in Colombia.
Construction crews on the Ostsee Pipeline Anbindungs Leitung (OPAL), which will connect Germany and Europe to the major natural gas reserves in Siberia via the Nord Stream Pipeline, have reached the Czech Republic border – a year after the commencement of construction.
India’s Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB) has awarded a contract to a consortium led by Gujarat State Petronet Ltd (GSPL) to build and operate two cross-country natural gas pipelines.
Enbridge’s Stephen J.J. Letwin to retire – Stephen J.J. Letwin has retired from his positions with Enbridge and its affiliate companies. Mr Letwin currently serves as Enbridge Gas Transportation & International Executive Vice President and holds Managing Director roles at Enbridge Energy Company and Enbridge Energy Management.
Europe currently imports 54 per cent of its energy needs each year, a figure set to rise as its indigenous petroleum resources decline. While a number of pipeline projects have been proposed to bring oil and gas from energy-rich neighbour Russia, ensuring a diverse source of petroleum imports has been a key theme in the European Union’s energy security strategy. Pipelines International provides a review of the major pipeline projects currently proposed or under construction in the region.
Pipelayers and sidebooms are integral to pipeline construction and often have to work in extreme or hazardous conditions. PipeLine Machinery International Vice President Product Support Lindley Imeson describes some of the features required for working in Arctic and mountainous conditions, explaining how efficient pipelaying can still be achieved with the right equipment and know-how.
With a screening area of 8.4 sq m and an operating weight of 53,864 kg, the SPD-450 padding machine is the biggest padding machine manufactured by Superior, a part of WorldWide Machinery. Pipelines International spoke to WorldWide Machinery’s Vice President Pipeline Operations Jurgen Hafemann about the SPD-450’s features and capabilities.
It is common practice to externally coat pipelines to ensure effective operation over the medium to long term. Internal pipeline coatings are also available for this purpose, and are able to provide significant economic benefits to pipeline operation. 3M’s Craig Thomas explains why.
CRC-Evans Automatic Welding has developed a new welding system that incorporates laser vision welding and inspection technology. Designed to reduce the duration of the pipeline welding process while increasing weld quality, the Vision System provides new levels of flexibility in the field.
From the wetlands in far-eastern Russia to the swamps and marshes of North America’s river systems, constructing pipelines in wet terrain requires unique construction methodologies and equipment. Pipelines International spoke with the companies constructing in swamp, marsh and wetland terrain and the manufacturers supplying them with specialist equipment.
In the swamps of Indonesia, Punj Lloyd has overcome challenging conditions, including extreme surface currents, around-the-clock maintenance of equipment and dangerous wildlife to construct the pipeline infrastructure required to recover the South East Asian nation’s extensive petroleum resources.
Oando Gas & Power’s subsidiary East Horizon Gas Company is nearing completion of its 128 km gas pipeline linking the Calabar Cluster of industries to the Nigerian Gas Company’s grid in Akwa Ibom state, Nigeria.John Tiratsoo, Pipelines International Editor-in-Chief
Following the successful International Forum on the Transportation of CO2 by Pipeline held earlier this year, the December issue of the Journal of Pipeline Engineering is dedicated to this topic, including key learnings, a phased approach to developing a CO2 pipeline network, project design and operating issues.
Cleaning pigs are integral for the maintenance of pipeline infrastructure at any stage of the asset’s life – from construction to operation, and for repair and decommissioning. Here, Pipelines International looks at the basics of cleaning pigs.
Advanced ultrasonic in-line inspection tools provide accurate, repeatable,100 per cent coverage data that can be used to manage pipeline reliability.
The acclaimed Pipeline Pigging & Integrity Management Conference is back in Houston for its 23rd year bringing together industry experts to talk all things pipeline pigging.
With more than 25,000 members in over 100 countries, NACE has become the largest organisation in the world committed to the study of corrosion. The association is at the forefront of anti-corrosion standard best practices and training and certification programs that will extend the life of infrastructure assets. Pipelines International spoke to NACE International Executive Director Bob Chalker about its background, goals, and plans for the future.Anil Tandon, Executive Director – Projects, and Y.Sudhakar, Manager (MS), Indian Oil Corporation Limited – Pipeline Division.
Passing through India’s of Gujarat, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, Indian Oil Corporation’s Salaya – Mathura Pipeline System was constructed in three sections, and covers a total distance of more than 1,200 km. Since the commissioning of the pipeline in 1978, numerous branch pipelines, spur lines, pump stations, tank farms and other facilities have been added to the system to meet India’s energy demands.
The United Kingdom’s Health and Safety Executive understands the important role that onshore and offshore pipelines play in providing an economic method for transporting large volumes of hazardous and non-hazardous substances across, into and out of the countries. Ensuring those pipelines are safe for the pipeline workforce and the general public requires co-operation between HSE and the country’s pipeline operators.
PLM and ek pass team-up to provide pipeline training
Featuring 350 technical papers from 40 countries, and a number of panels and tutorials, the 8th International Pipeline Conference and Exposition, was held in Calgary, Canada, from 27 September to 1 October 2010.John Tiratsoo, Pipelines International Editor-in-Chief
“An unprecedented time in the pipeline industry, with unprecedented opportunities” was one of Australian Pipeline Industry Association President Peter Cox’s opening remarks in his welcoming address to the Association’s recent Annual Convention held in Darwin.
Over 140 attendees from 24 countries participated in the Evaluation, Rehabilitation, and Repair of Pipelines Conference held in Berlin in October. Presentations at the Conference ranged from the challenges posed by dent evaluation following an in-line inspection, to the benefits of using full-encirclement steel sleeves for pipeline repairs.
By 2030, 1.44 gigatonnes per annum of captured CO2 worldwide will need to be transported from around 360 sources to storage. Working out the best way to transport anthropogenic CO2 to meet this demand will be the main focus of the Second International Forum on the Transportation of CO2 to be held in Gateshead, United Kingdom, from 22–23 June 2011.
Pigging is widely recognised as an important step in ensuring the integrity of pipeline assets, so how do you manage your pipeline’s integrity if it is unpiggable? Find out at the Unpiggable Pipeline Solutions Forum – the industry’s opportunity to come together to find solutions to the challenge of inspecting unpiggable pipelines.
Being the best requires constant development, which is why anyone involved in pipeline operations and integrity management should be in Bahrain in May 2011 for the inaugural Best Practices in Pipeline Operations and Integrity Management Conference and Exhibition.