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Pipelines International

June 2012

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From the Editor

In April, the United Kingdom Government’s Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) issued an important strategy document on carbon capture and storage (CCS), including a significant reference to transportation of the captured (anthropogenic) CO2.

Construction begins on South Andean Gas Pipeline

Construction has begun on the South Andean Gas Pipeline, which will transport Camisea gas throughout the Peruvian cities of Puno, Arequipa, Matarani and Ilo.

New crude oil pipeline proposed for Bakken Shale

ONEOK Partners plans to invest $US1.5–1.8 billion between 2012 and 2015 to build a 2,092 km pipeline with the capacity to transport 200,000 bbl/d of crude oil from the Bakken Shale to Cushing, Oklahoma.

Constructing West to East in Hong Kong

In early March, China National Petroleum Corporation commenced construction on the Hong Kong branch of the Second West – East Gas Pipeline.

Gas development in the Sahara

Repsol, Sonatrach, RWE Dea and Edison have been granted authorisation from the Algerian national agency Agence Nationale pour the L’expertise des Hydrocarbures Resources to develop the North Reggane project in the Algerian Sahara desert, involving a 100 km gas pipeline from six gas fields.

Feasibility study contractor named for Polish-Slovakian gas pipeline

Polish operator Gaz-System and Slovakian operator Eustream have appointed Gazoprojekt to conduct a feasibility study on a gas interconnector between the two countries.

Contracts awarded for gas and condensate export system

Technip and the Penspen Group have been engaged by the Kuwait Gulf Oil Company for services relating to the construction of a new gas and condensate export system from Khafji in Saudi Arabia, on the Kuwait/Saudi Arabia border, to Kuwait.

An onshore and offshore contender: taking a look at Saipem

Established in 1957 as part of the Eni Group, Saipem is a leader in pipeline engineering, procurement, project management and construction, with distinctive capabilities in the design and execution of large-scale offshore and onshore projects.

CO2 pipelines: paving the way to climate change

The recent release of the United Kingdom’s first Carbon Capture and Storage Roadmap highlights the growing interest in the development of commercial-scale carbon capture and storage projects, which are likely to require pipeline infrastructure to transport CO2 to storage sites. Here, Pipelines International looks at the UK’s initiative, as well as other projects being developed around the world.

Capturing the most out of the CO2 Forum

The Third International Forum on CO2 Transportation by Pipeline will be held from 20–21 June 2012 in Newcastle, United Kingdom. Make sure to get the most out of your conference experience with the below conference tips.

Committed to growth: India’s oil and gas industry

by Sarah Paul, Associate Editor

As the seventh largest country in the world, with the second highest population, India is a land of vast resources and has seen many developments over the last year in its oil and gas industry. Here, Pipelines International takes a closer look at the region and its projects.

Crossing the Ghats: the Dabhol to Bangalore Pipeline

Through the mountainous, swampy, and forested slopes of the Western Ghats winds the Dabhol to Bangalore gas pipeline – an important project set to deliver much-needed gas and power to the states of Maharashtra and Karnataka in India.

Subsea gas highways: Europe and Australasia’s major offshore pipelines

by Stephanie Chan, Assistant Editor

Recently, Europe and Australasia have experienced high levels of offshore activity, with numerous pipeline projects proposed to develop the rich gas fields beneath the sea. Pipelines International reviews some of the major pipeline projects across the two regions to find out what exciting developments are happening beyond the coast.

Dredgers: the trenchers of the sea

By Erik de Haas, Proposals Manager, Boskalis Offshore B.V.

Dredging is an important process that enables stable and accurate pipelay. Boskalis Offshore B.V. Proposals Manager Erik de Haas spoke with Pipelines International about the challenges of dredging, and how best to ensure that your pipeline is securely installed on the seabed.

Italian beaver nibbles to the end of the Nord Stream pipeline

The recently completed twin 1,224 km, 48 inch diameter pipelines making up the Nord Stream Pipeline System have established a direct link between Russia’s vast proven gas reserves, via Portovaya Bay, and the European gas transportation systems. The pipeline will deliver gas to Belgium, the United Kingdom, Germany, Denmark, the Netherlands, France, and the Czech Republic. Pipelines International Editor-in-Chief John Tiratsoo was recently invited for an onsite visit.

Positive perceptions of pipelines: PLAN

Established in August 2006, the Pipeline Professionals’ Association of Nigeria works to promote knowledge, professionalism and efficiency in the management of pipelines in Nigeria to its members. Here, Pipelines International takes a look at the Association and its dedication to the pipeline industry.

A mountain of a project: the Sabah Sarawak Gas Pipeline

In order to develop the rich natural gas fields beneath the South China Sea, offshore Malaysia, Petronas proposed the Sabah Sarawak Gas Pipeline. However, construction of the project has by no means been a small feat, with construction contractor Punj Lloyd overcoming undulating mountains, dense rainforests, and unrelenting wet weather.

Improve weld quality and operator control

Today’s stringent pipe welding applications require high-quality welding. The root pass is generally the most difficult weld to make, yet it is typically the most critical one to get right. Lincoln Electric explains how to ensure the best results.

Regulation round-up

Governments continue to recognise the importance of pipeline safety as federal funding is allocated toward its improvement, new regulations are drafted, and best practice is incorporated into legislation.

Pipeline risk assessment: a measurement tool

by W. Kent Muhlbauer, WKM Consultancy, LLC

In the March edition of Pipelines International, I introduced the concept of essential elements for pipeline risk assessment. These are the ‘let’s all get on the same page’ aspects that every risk assessment should have in common.

How PPSA supports the pigging industry

by Basil Hostage, Business Development, 3P Services GmbH & Co KG, and President of the Pigging Products and Services Association

Transportation of hydrocarbons, whether for use as an energy source or as raw material for industry, is a critical part of the global economy, making integrity maintenance an integral part of the pipeline industry.

Integrity management: conventional versus probabilistic methods

by Mark Stephens, C-FER Technologies

Maintaining pipeline integrity in the face of progressive deterioration mechanisms, like corrosion and cracking, is an ongoing challenge for pipeline operators. In general terms, the process for defect specific integrity management involves four key steps: identify significant features; size the features; project feature growth with time; and, assess the features' remaining life.

From the sea to the coast: the Baku – Tbilisi – Ceyhan Pipeline

Seven years after the line was first filled with oil, construction contractor Punj Lloyd reflects on its experiences while working on the Turkish section of the Baku – Tbilisi – Ceyhan Pipeline project.

Best and brightest gather in Bahrain

With over 540 attendees from 26 different countries, the inaugural Best Practices in Pipeline Operation & Integrity Management Conference and Exhibition, held in the Kingdom of Bahrain from 19–21 March 2012, was an outstanding success.

Get your pipeline fix in Berlin

Make sure not to miss out on Fixing Pipeline Problems – a new international conference and exhibition covering a wide range of issues concerning pipeline rehabilitation – to be held 15–18 October 2012 at the Estrel Hotel, in Berlin, Germany.

Pipe up in Oklahoma

The fourth annual Tulsa Pipeline Expo, to be held from 27–29 August 2012, is gearing up for another great event in the oil and gas-rich state of Oklahoma, United States

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