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Africa has significant petroleum resources both on and offshore, with pipeline infrastructure being developed for both domestic supply and international export. Examples of Africa’s resource-rich areas include Nigeria and Mozambique, with gas discovered in fields offshore Ghana and Cameroon as well.

Engineering and constructing pipelines in Africa requires the ability to navigate diverse terrain, including swamps and savannah. Versatile equipment that can cope with both land and water is required for pipeline construction in swamp areas, while equipment selection is just as important to protect both asset and workers when constructing in the African heat.

Various LNG projects are in progress, including the Angola LNG Project, which will involve a one-train 5.2 MMt/a LNG plant in the Zaire Province of Angola, and the Cameroon LNG Project, which will produce 3.5 MMt/a of LNG through a single-train onshore LNG plant. Both these LNG projects require pipeline infrastructure to transport gas from offshore fields to the production facilities.

Important pipeline infrastructure developments in Africa include:
  • The 4,400 km Trans-Saharan Gas Pipeline, which will stretch from the Warri region in Nigeria to Hassi R’Mel in Algeria and connect with existing gas pipelines to Europe;
  • The 1,070 km Chad – Cameroon Pipeline, which will transport crude oil from the Doba field in Chad through the Republic of Cameroon to the Atlantic Ocean at Kribi; and,
  • The 740 km Ajaokuta – Kaduna – Kano Pipeline, which aims to help provide long-term energy security for Nigeria.

Most infrastructure development is either supported by international investment or government.
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